Aristotle & Virtue Theory: Crash Course Philosophy #38

This week we explore final ethical theory in this unit: Aristotle’s virtue theory. Hank explains the Golden Mean, and how it exists as the midpoint between vices of excess and deficiency. We’ll also discuss moral exemplars, and introduce the concept of “eudaimonia.”

Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug or Chom Chom shirt from DFTBA:

The Latest from PBS Digital Studios:

Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios:

Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace.

Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook –…
Twitter –
Tumblr –
Support CrashCourse on Patreon:

CC Kids:


Athena Li says:

This reminds me so much of confuscinism!

Fatema Arsiwala says:

Cannot thank you guys enough for this video and the channel!

Mikha Rlin says:

Much better than the 10 commandments

Chris Terman says:

Yet another idiot trying to pretend he can represent Greek philosophy … just shut up, idiot.

Mindy Bensen says:

I have my ethics final in 3 and a half hours… i’m so grateful for these videos

Lydia Lim says:

accurate and very useful for my ethics exam :”)

Terraraptor1 says:

What if you desire to be good but make mistakes due to lack of information? For example, no amount of observing will tell you the mugger is trying to feed his family until long after the robbery occurs. Or if the police you called kill the mugger instead of arresting them? Even by emulating others who are better than you, how can they know these things in advance.

I want to make it clear I’m not trying to be argumentive, these are genuine questions I had while watching the video. Love your work Crash Course.

Squid Daddy says:

Aristotle, imma have to agree with him.

Krishna Teja says:

Awesome! Love you and thought bubble.

Robert Cowley-Yamamoto says:

So according to Aristotle, the truly courageous house is Ravenclaw, not Griffindor

Emirates Engulf says:

In Hinduism we know this age as “kalyug” or “blackage”.Were even the good has to do bad things to do good.
Note :- I’m no a Indian.I’m a Nepalese.

Desiree Paahana says:

Golden rule and discipleship!

Saulius Girdauskas says:

In which of his books can I read more about this?

Alan Martin says:

So, who else views this video daily to remind themselves that they have devoted their being to virtue; ay?

Casey Hinson says:

My life is clouded. Glad this stuff is not lost to time. Few indeed

Learning For says:

Wow eudaimonia and ubermensch!

Zenithrium says:

Ahh I’ve been binging these and it’s almost over ahh

adhu aadhar chaudhary says:

Very well done .

belleobscurytee says:

Virtue ethics is my jam. Learn from your experiences and get better at being a person. Hopefully I will get there one day.

Hannah Maxwell says:

Ancient philosophy final Tomorrow. YOU JUST SAVED MY LIFE

Mick Warren says:

Aristotle who, if memory serves me, advocated pedophilia to cut the population down.

Xavier Guillaume says:

I study the Tao Te Ching and Lao Tzu is pretty much using this philosophy. How to live that happy median of doing the right thing but not too much or too little of the right thing. Also the Tao Te Ching is vague and instead of being rules it is more like guidelines. I think because Lao Tzu recognizes that rules would imply right and wrong and right and wrong would imply superiority within people, but Lao Tzu does not believe in superiority because he sees the natural goodness in everyone.

Łopata12 Ww says:


shafaq sadat says:

thank youuuuuuuuuu veryyyy much. nice work

Bjarne Mann says:

Eudaimonism (or Eudaemonism or Eudaimonia) is a moral philosophy that defines right action as that which leads to the “well-being” of the individual, thus holding “well-being” as having essential value. ( Heinaman, 1987). I suggest crashcrouse further emphazise their lack of in-depth knowledge, as certain intellectual curiosity may be killed when you present your impresise definitions as ‘answers,’ to a discussion which is infact one of the most open-ended.

Shruti Itchapurapu says:

Aristotle is my favorite philosopher and Eudaimonia and chom chom are my favorite words!

 Write a comment


Do you like our videos?
Do you want to see more like that?

Please click below to support us on Facebook!