Gilded Age Politics:Crash Course US History #26

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In which John Green teaches you about the Gilded Age and its politics. What, you may ask, is the Gilded Age? The term comes from a book by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner titled, “The Gilded Age.” You may see a pattern emerging here. It started in the 1870s and continued on until the turn of the 20th century. The era is called Gilded because of the massive inequality that existed in the United States. Gilded Age politics were marked by a number of phenomenons, most of them having to do with corruption. On the local and state level, political machines wielded enormous power. John gets into details about the most famous political machine, Tammany Hall. Tammany Hall ran New York City for a long, long time, notably under Boss Tweed. Graft, kickbacks, and voter fraud were rampant, but not just at the local level. Ulysses S. Grant ran one of the most scandalous presidential administrations in U.S. history, and John will tell you about two of the best known scandals, the Credit Mobilier scandal and the Whiskey Ring. There were a few attempts at reform during this time, notably the Civil Service Act of 1883 and the Sherman Anti-trust act of 1890. John will also get into the Grange Movement of the western farmers, and the Populist Party that arose from that movement. The Populists, who threw in their lot with William Jennings Bryan, never managed to get it together and win a presidency, and they faded after 1896. Which brings us to the Progressive Era, which we’ll get into next week!

Hey teachers and students – Check out CommonLit’s free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode. The Gilded Age was marked by the success of the richest coupled with inequality and corruption. Repeated factory disasters, such as the triangle shirtwaist factory fire revealed the unsafe working conditions of the urban poor: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-triangle-shirtwaist-factory-fire
Meanwhile, workers began to join unions and strike for better working conditions: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-coeur-d-alene-miners-uprising

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Comments

Phillip Marsh says:

I wonder, do we get to see any more of John’s inter-disciplinary party hat?

xdd says:

AP Test 2k18

kiah dale says:

Apush Cranmer 2k18

Tyler kimble says:

Thank God for Crash Course

Jeffery Bimbopdibbity says:

COMMUNISM!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

colorguardgirl says:

APUSH 2018 ❤️❤️❤️

Henry Aldridge says:

technically I am not an AP student but I am studying for AN exam so…yeah. I think most of us are in the same boat.

danielcito672 says:

Rush 2112

gabriela pedroza says:

I need subtittles in spanish please!!!

Luboman411 says:

LOL. Not much has changed in Congress and in the White House. Graft and outright fraud will be what Trump and his henchmen will be known for, along with very unwelcome throwbacks–19th-century anti-immigrant violence and hatred, and this almost manic need for highly disruptive and very harmful tariffs. It’s truly back to the future, baby!

Chris Cummings says:

go wenonah go go go

Benjamin Rosenzweig says:

0:25 The Gilded Age (c. 1870s to 1900) takes it name from a book by Mark Twain And Charles Dudley entitled The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today. Published in 1873, it is a satirical novel about the rampant political corruption, graft, and greed of the day. “Gilded” satirizes the fact that serious political and social problems were masked by a thin lining of gold (i.e. “wealth”).

*Graft:* When funds intended for public projects are intentionally misdirected in order to maximize the benefits to private interests. In other words, graft occurs when politicians directly or (usually) indirectly embezzle public funds. For example, you hire your buddy’s firm to build a public building and pay him 5 times the taxpayer funds it should cost and then your buddy donates to your next political campaign and builds you a mansion for a fraction of what it should cost.

0:50 Some great quotes by Twain regarding the incompetence and corruption of Congress. Reminder: Both parties today are just as corrupt now as they were during the Gilded Age. With rare exceptions, the congressmen in your party just give lip service to your values but, make no mistake about it, they’re there for themselves, whether they be a Republican or a Democrat, doesn’t matter. Politicians take advantage of partisanship and polarization to avoid Republican and Democratic voters from actually focusing on the problems within their own party. So if all your hatred is fueled towards “THE REPUBLICANS” or “THE DEMOCRATS” you’re getting played little a fiddle.

1:30 “All politics is local” – Famous phrase often associated with former Speak of the House Tip O’ Neill (D-MA). It’s interesting to actually research what this phrase means and to debate the extent to which it’s true!

1:40 *Political Machine:* An organization that works to win elections so it can exercise power, usually for corrupt purposes.

Jimmy Sharpe says:

Nice Rush reference

Gracie Wingfield says:

that APUSH exam tomorrow…. yyyyikees

christopher reid says:

anybody taking the CLEP exam? for history 2

Issa Bass says:

Lol the undertaker at 2:14

OwO OwO says:

this guys my man crush

SKILLA100 says:

What happen to jim crow

Ethan Pochna says:

they have a wicked good chalk artist

The Maverick Historian says:

Philadelphia was the worst.

Soaring Wings Second Stage says:

So let me get this straight.
>Government is corrupt
>Lets give the same corrupt government our private enterprise to avoid being exploited.

The Farmers Alliance are stupid socialists, man things don’t change.
Turns out 150 years later, you really can’t fix stupid.

Jim Larry says:

I like he included boss tweed

KevinPlayz says:

“Suppose you have a US history test, and you only have a day left to study for it. But I repeat myself.”

Rosie Bird says:

Apush test 2k18

cheers lads says:

Less than 12 hours until the APUSH test and here I am

Sayuiri says:

im watching this and the rest of the playlist at 2x speed

mark Johnson says:

History is repeating itself and Mark Twain was right ! M

Shavvy says:

Gonna fail tomorrow tbh

Charlie Salazar says:

we live in a second gilded age

Chase Ledgerwood says:

Good luck on the test tomorrow everyone

josh says:

you know you’ve hit rock bottom if you’re watching these for fun

noah torres says:

that party hat tho ;(

Saghorse1978 says:

This is a great video! I love the Bill O’Reilly Jab hahahaha Times have changed the behavior of these pigs have not (with the Credit Mobile deal)

Toni Collins says:

anyone from K12?

The Maverick Historian says:

Political machines weren’t evil because they bought votes from poor people? ……yeah. Not evil at all. Nothing wrong when you’re only engaging in charity so you can get more votes to engage in more corruption where you steal from the rest of society to make a small group of people rich.

William Coulter says:

Mr. Green! Mr. Green!

HeyItsAli says:

an i the only one studying for a 9th grade US History test?

ctrpillar says:

lets go 11 hrs 10 min to test

Rachel M. says:

Damnit! I’m watching this instead of my online lectures because I thought I would pay attention more to the graphics and fast talking, but I’m still losing interest and browsing on other things. I’m too ADD! HELP!

Vathek says:

The US will never have a 3 party system so long as it a) uses first past the post and b) has a presidential system. These two things make competitive multi-party politics impossible. The only time it’s ever been seen was in the UK in the ‘20s and ‘30s which was basically a transition period from the Liberal-Conservative two party system to the Labour-Conservative one we have today.

poppyhimbo says:

wag the dog is real stuff…..our government is playing us all for fools….you cannot protest you can only revolt

Jdrummer says:

Cramming just hours before!!

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